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Discovering Kermanshah: A Photographer’s Journey

Arrival in Kermanshah

Nestled in the western part of Iran, Kermanshah welcomes you with a blend of historical richness and natural beauty. As I stepped off the bus into the bustling city center, I was immediately struck by the harmonious blend of modernity and tradition. The air was filled with the tantalizing aroma of local cuisine, and the vibrant streets echoed with the sounds of daily life. This was my introduction to Kermanshah, a city known for its cultural diversity and historical significance.

The Heartbeat of Kermanshah

Kermanshah is home to a mosaic of cultures and ethnicities, primarily Kurds, who make up the majority, alongside Lurs, Persians, and Arabs. This diversity is mirrored in the city’s architecture, cuisine, and daily interactions. Walking through the streets, I heard a symphony of languages, predominantly Kurdish and Persian, which added a rich layer to my experience.

The Bazaar: A Cultural Kaleidoscope

My first stop was the traditional bazaar, a labyrinthine market where the essence of Kermanshah comes to life. The bazaar is a photographer’s paradise, with vibrant stalls displaying everything from spices and textiles to handmade crafts and jewelry. The colors, the textures, and the energy of the market were captivating. As I wandered through the narrow alleys, my camera captured the essence of daily life: a vendor skillfully weaving a carpet, a group of women selecting fresh vegetables, and children darting through the crowd with infectious laughter.

A Taste of Kermanshah

No visit to Kermanshah is complete without indulging in its culinary delights. I was fortunate to be invited to a local family’s home for dinner, a gesture of hospitality that I found deeply touching. The meal was a feast for the senses: savory Kermanshahi Dandeh Kebab, aromatic rice dishes, and a variety of fresh herbs and vegetables. The highlight, however, was the traditional Kermanshahi Nan-e Roghani, a sweet, flaky pastry that melted in my mouth. Sharing a meal with the family, I learned about their traditions and stories, making me feel connected to the heart of Kermanshah.

Exploring the Historical Treasures

Kermanshah is a city steeped in history, with roots tracing back to ancient times. As a photographer with a passion for historical sites, I was eager to explore the city’s monuments and relics.

Taq-e Bostan: A Glimpse into the Past

One of the most iconic sites in Kermanshah is Taq-e Bostan, a series of rock reliefs carved into a cliffside, dating back to the Sassanian era. The intricate carvings depict scenes of royal grandeur, hunting parties, and mythological figures. As I stood before these ancient artworks, I felt a profound connection to the past. The play of light and shadow on the carvings, the detail in the craftsmanship, and the serene setting by a natural spring made for breathtaking photographs. Each shot seemed to capture not just the image, but the essence of an era long gone.

Bisotun: A UNESCO World Heritage Site

Another historical gem is Bisotun, an archaeological site that boasts a colossal bas-relief and inscriptions dating back to the Achaemenid Empire. The multilingual inscriptions, carved high on a cliff face, are a testament to the linguistic and cultural diversity of ancient Persia. Photographing Bisotun was a challenge and a thrill. The sheer scale of the carvings and the rugged beauty of the surrounding landscape provided a dramatic backdrop for my shots. I spent hours here, absorbing the history and capturing the site from various angles, each click of the shutter a tribute to the ancient storytellers.

The Natural Beauty of Kermanshah

Beyond its historical sites, Kermanshah is blessed with stunning natural landscapes. The city’s location, surrounded by mountains and fertile plains, offers a wealth of opportunities for nature photography.

The Zagros Mountains: A Photographer’s Dream

The Zagros Mountains, with their rugged peaks and verdant valleys, are a sight to behold. I embarked on a hiking trip to fully experience this natural wonder. The trek was challenging, but the vistas were worth every step. From the summit, the panoramic views of Kermanshah and the surrounding countryside were breathtaking. The play of light and shadow on the mountain slopes, the distant villages nestled in the valleys, and the occasional sight of wildlife made for an unforgettable photographic expedition.

Gahar Lake: A Hidden Gem

A day trip to Gahar Lake, located in the heart of the mountains, was another highlight of my journey. This pristine alpine lake, with its crystal-clear waters and tranquil surroundings, offered a perfect escape from the city’s hustle and bustle. The reflection of the surrounding peaks on the lake’s surface created stunning compositions. I spent the day capturing the serene beauty of the lake, the lush greenery, and the vibrant wildflowers that dotted the landscape. It was a day of pure tranquility and inspiration.

Immersing in Local Traditions

Kermanshah’s rich cultural heritage is not confined to its historical sites and natural beauty. The city’s vibrant traditions and festivals offered a deep dive into its cultural tapestry.

Celebrating Nowruz: The Persian New Year

I was fortunate to visit Kermanshah during Nowruz, the Persian New Year, which is celebrated with great fervor. The city came alive with festivities, from traditional music and dance performances to elaborate feasts and family gatherings. The streets were adorned with colorful decorations, and the air was filled with the joyful sounds of celebration. Photographing the Nowruz festivities was a delightful experience. The vibrant costumes, the spirited dances, and the warmth of the people made for dynamic and lively shots. Each frame captured the essence of this joyous celebration and the rich cultural heritage of Kermanshah.

Kurdish Music and Dance

The Kurdish community in Kermanshah is known for its rich musical and dance traditions. I had the opportunity to attend a local gathering where traditional Kurdish music and dance were performed. The rhythmic beats of the daf (a type of frame drum) and the soulful melodies of the tanbur (a string instrument) created an enchanting atmosphere. The dancers, dressed in colorful traditional attire, moved with grace and energy, their movements telling stories of love, joy, and resilience. Capturing these performances through my lens was a mesmerizing experience. The energy, the expressions, and the intricate details of the costumes made for captivating photographs.

Reflections on Kermanshah

As my time in Kermanshah drew to a close, I found myself reflecting on the rich tapestry of experiences that the city had offered. From its bustling bazaars and historical treasures to its breathtaking landscapes and vibrant traditions, Kermanshah had revealed itself to be a city of contrasts and harmony.

The warmth and hospitality of its people had left a lasting impression on me. Whether sharing a meal with a local family, exchanging smiles with a vendor in the bazaar, or dancing to the rhythmic beats of Kurdish music, I felt a deep connection to the soul of Kermanshah. This city, with its blend of ancient history and vibrant culture, had not only enriched my photographic journey but also touched my heart.

Practical Tips for Visiting Kermanshah

For those planning a visit to Kermanshah, here are a few practical tips:

Getting There

Kermanshah is accessible by air, with daily flights from Tehran and other major cities in Iran. Alternatively, you can take a bus or drive from Tehran, which offers a scenic route through the mountains.


Kermanshah offers a range of accommodation options, from budget hostels to mid-range hotels. I stayed at a charming boutique hotel in the city center, which provided easy access to major attractions.

Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Kermanshah is during the spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November) when the weather is pleasant, and the landscapes are at their most vibrant.

Cultural Etiquette

When visiting Kermanshah, it’s important to respect local customs and traditions. Dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites, and always ask for permission before photographing people.

Kermanshah, with its rich cultural heritage, stunning landscapes, and warm hospitality, is a destination that promises an unforgettable journey. As a photographer, I left the city with a treasure trove of images and memories, and a profound appreciation for its beauty and charm.